What is Creditors’ Turnover Ratio?

This quotient estimates the speed (creditor velocity) at which cash is paid to creditors and credit purchases is undertaken. Therefore, this ratio gauges the efficiency with which credit purchases for the goods takes place in a business.

The formula is expressed as follows;

NB: Cash purchases are not incorporated in this computation


For every unit change in creditor value, the credit purchases change directly by a certain units which can either be between zero and one or more.

NB: The higher the ratio the better are the creditor activities and the vice versa is true


Dominion ltd provided you with the following creditors’ information for the year ended 2020

`Creditors (opening balance) 120,000

 Cash purchases 60,000

 Credit purchases 350,000

 Cash payment to creditors 100,000

 Discount Received 20,000

 No. of days in a year is assumed to be 360


  1. Determine the creditors’ turnover ratio
  2. Determine Debt Payment Period


Preparation of creditors’ ledger account


Number of times debts are paid in a given period are 1.49 times

Debt Payment Period

 With debtor’s turnover ratio which measures debtor velocity, it is possible to determine the extent to which debts have been collected in time. This can be established by dividing the days in a year by the debtors’ turnover ratio results as follows;

Conclusion; in this case, the payment to creditors speed is too slow which is an advantage to the firm as a source of financing for a longer period.

Applicability of creditors’ turnover Ratio in Decision Making by Management

Denominator factor; The management as per creditor turnover ratio need to set debt payment policies to govern Creditors’ worthiness after close examination of the observed items.

Numerator factor; The numerator is composed of net credit purchases which allows for limited adjustments by the management.

About the Author - Dr Geoffrey Mbuva(PhD-Finance) is a lecturer of Finance and Accountancy at Kenyatta University, Kenya. He is an enthusiast of teaching and making accounting & research tutorials for his readers.